An enlarged prostate means the gland has grown bigger. Prostate enlargement happens to almost all men as they get older. An enlarged prostate is often called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It is not cancer, and it does not raise your risk for prostate cancer.

Age-associated prostate gland enlargement that can cause urination difficulty.

This type of prostate enlargement isn’t thought to be a precursor to prostate cancer.

With this condition, the urinary stream may be weak or stop and start. In some cases, it can lead to infection, bladder stones and reduced kidney function.

Treatments include medication that relaxes the bladder or shrinks the prostate, surgery and minimally invasive surgery.


  • Very common
  • More than 1.5 million cases per year (Nigeria)
  • Treatable by a medical professional
  • Requires a medical diagnosis
  • Lab tests or imaging often required
  • Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong


  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate.
  • Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
  • Difficulty starting urination.
  • Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts.
  • Dribbling at the end of urination.
  • Inability to empty the bladder.

How do you check if your prostate is enlarged?


  • Digital rectal exam. The doctor inserts a finger into the rectum to check your prostate for enlargement.
  • Urine test. Analysing a sample of your urine can help rule out an infection or other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.
  • Blood test. …
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test.



Treatment consists of supportive care and urinary retention medications

Treatments include medication that relaxes the bladder or shrinks the prostate, surgery and minimally invasive surgery.

Don’t resign yourself to living with BPH. Addressing your symptoms now can help you avoid problems later. Untreated BPH may lead to urinary tract infections, acute urinary retention (you can’t go at all), and kidney and bladder stones. In severe cases, it can lead to kidney damage.

Treatment options include medications and surgery. You and your doctor will consider several factors when you evaluate these choices. These factors include:

  • how much your symptoms interfere with your life
  • the size of your prostate
  • your age
  • your overall health
  • any other medical conditions

Can enlarged prostate Be Cured?

These are tablets that relax the muscles in the prostate and around the opening of the bladder, making it easier to urinate. They don’t cure an enlarged prostate, but they can help to relieve symptoms. Alpha-blockers are usually the first type of medicine you will be offered unless your prostate is very large.

Note Also:

If you have BPH or prostatitis, make an effort to reduce your caffeine intake by cutting back on coffee, soda or energy drinks. Avoiding caffeine can make a big difference in your urinary health. Another important drink for your prostate is water. Stay hydrated, and do not try to drink less to reduce your urine.

Various types of exercises can be helpful for men with prostate problems or OAB. Kegel exercises can strengthen and train your pelvic floor muscles to help control urination. Exercises such as walking, jogging, swimming, and tennis are also beneficial.

What foods hurt your prostate?

  • Red meat and processed meat. A diet high in meat, particularly if it’s cooked well-done, may be associated with an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. …
  • Dairy. Consuming large amounts of dairy products may increase your risk of developing prostate cancer. …
  • Alcohol. …
  • Saturated fats.

Green leafy vegetables are especially important because they are rich in antioxidants. Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli also reduce the risk of prostate problems, including BPH and prostate cancer. People who eat onion and garlic regularly may also benefit from a lower risk of BPH.

Sources: Rays of Hope Support Initiative; College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and others


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